Good info on Bio.... - Diesel Truck Forum -
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post #1 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-10-2006, 08:32 PM Thread Starter
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Good info on Bio....

Here is a post some of you may or may not have read on the TDR web site written by Doug Memeing, an engineer at Cummins. Thought it'd be worth discussing.

From: Doug Memering
Date: Saturday, July 16, 2005 9:40 pm
Subject: [Biofuel] Re: CUMMINS B5.9TD

Perhaps I can shed some light on this topic, as I am an engineer at Cummins Inc, and work in Fuel System Development.

Officially, Cummins supports Biodiesel blends up to B5 or 5% Biodiesel. There are several concerns the company has with higher ratio blends. There are three major areas of concerns that the company has. These are mostly commercial concerns which will be evident as I explain them any of which an individual could deal with by being aware and careful about what they put into their tank.

First, while biodiesel is touted as being cleaner, there are some caveats. While the particulate emissions (the ones you can see) are considerably improved with biodiesel, the NOx emmission will increase and the higher the biodiesel ratio the higher the NOx increases. Up to B5 the increase will not likely move the engine's NOx emissions beyond the federal limit, but B20 and higher will likely move the NOx emissions "outside of the box". Since the US tends to hold the manufacturers repsonsible for the emissions of the engines, instead of the users, the company must maintain a strict policy against recommending or accepting fuels that will violate the regulations.

Second, biodiesel has a lower heating value than Petro diesel, therefore the higher the biodiesel blend the lower the available power from the engine. Most vehicles with B5.9 diesel are substantially overpowered so the driver may not notice the 2% loss of power with a B5 blend, but it will become more noticeable as the ratio is increased. As I said many of the vehicles, especially pickups are overpowered for the job they do, so you would likely not be bothered unless you are street racing or pulling a large (heavy) trailer through the mountains. But once again as a company Cummins is in the position that if they sell a 305 Hp engine and the customers tend to expect to get 305 Hp regardless of what fuel they chose to put in the tank.

The third and more serious concern for us homegrown biodieselers, in my opinion, is water. Most tanks collect water, many vehicles are equipped with water separation filters to protect the fuel system components. The problem is the biodiesel has a higher affinity for water than petrol diesel, so the biodiesel is going to carry the water out of the tank. Furthermore, the water separators that are normally used will NOT extract the water from biodiesel so the water gets carried into the fuel system. Most modern fuel systems are very sensitive to water. The engine will run initially but the internal fuel system components will quickly corrode which will lead to a fuel system failure, and usually an expensive one.

The company is also concerned about the quality of the biodiesel coming on the market. They have a wide variety from some very high quality to some very poor quality and currently there are no recognized quality standard that the commercial producers are going by.

There are other concerns with blending biodiesel with the coming Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD). It has a few challenges to overcome but I will not go into the details here.

With all that said, my personal observation (not the view of Cummins) is that if you pay attention to what you are putting in your tank qaulity wise. You make sure that it is dry. Then you should not have any problems with the fuel system of the age mentioned. The timing does not need to be changed in order for the engine run, however you will be producing more NOx than you were with petrodiesel. You will likely see degradation of non metal lines in the fuel system and you will have to replace all of them at some point. Return lines are probably the first ones you will notice. I believe most vehicles run steel lines for the supply lines from the tank to the engine.

I am brewing my own biodiesel and running it in my 94 Cummins 5.9L dieseland I intend to eventually run on straight biodiesel. I know the risks and will watch things carefully.

I've been running B5 since April. No noticeable differences. Last week when I had the tank filled (550gal), I had it filled with B40. Definently tons less smoke. Truck doesn't run any better/worse. Mileage unchanged.

As of a few days ago B100 was $1.985/gal + taxes bringing it to $2.429 which is what I paid. Straight #2 was $2.529 incl. tax.

I most likely will go back to B5 or B2 next time 'cause it ain' so good in cold weather to be running Biodiesel. Gels way to easily. I might go with a B20 or so to get me thru Oct, we'll see.

Running B2 eliminates the "need" for using lubricity additives.

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post #2 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-10-2006, 09:08 PM
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thanks that was very interesting

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post #3 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-11-2006, 12:13 PM
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some nice info


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post #4 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-19-2006, 02:19 AM
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Thanks for the info.



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post #5 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-20-2006, 07:08 PM
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I am as new to bio as everyone else, here is the site that I always read on.
And they are the sponsor of the Bio-D Cummins Drag car.
Not trying to knock on you, or discredit, but this site is also a good read.
I think the more we can learn the better.:Thumbup:


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post #6 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-25-2006, 01:33 AM
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BioDiesel has less BTU's than petro therefore there is suppose to be powerloss. However the flash point is way different for one. Along with other "things" I run B20 in every tank I got. Why because there is actually a power gain! Can't explain why, don't ask why. Just fill up and you'll see. Don't be scared by NOx emissions either. It's a proven fact that Biodiesel raises NOx emissions. There are plenty of stations that sell B100 and then more as you round off the number everywhere between. The NOx emissions is going to be the biggest emissions lope hole ever. There is no way the goverment can control what kind of grade biodiesel is sold at any station.

Sorry if I sound like a tree hugger but way to many people are scared off by biodiesel myths. My 98 Cummins loves biodiesel. There's no way that the newer engines that have been designed with Biodiesel in mind will have problems with it. I know we all hear about the harry storys from Truckers and then a few others but it's all none sense. Run it. Love it.
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post #7 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-30-2006, 12:15 AM
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B5 is GREAT, it will provide the lubricity that will be lost with ULSD, or was lost with LSD.

I wonder what the cetane rating of B5, B20, B50 and B100 are. Time to google.

B100 rates at 47-68 Cetane depending on a number of factors.

See this article:

Assuming Petrodiesel cetane = 41 (common), and B100 = 50/60 (common on low end), we have the following cetane calculations:

B5 = 41.7/42
B20 = 43.4/47
B50 = 45.5/55.5
B100 = 50/60 (duh)

So using B20 we can get the 45 cetane we NEED to meet emissions.

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post #8 of 8 (permalink) Old 07-30-2006, 01:57 PM
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bio-diesel is something I'm interested in learning about, threads like this are very usefull. Thanks. :Thumbup:
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